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Grade 4 2-3

Page history last edited by pam merrill 2 years, 4 months ago

Oklahoma Academic Standard 2.  The student will examine the physical geography and environments of the United States.

Objective 2.3 Explain how people create regions using common geographic characteristics. 
A.  Identify and describe the major physical, cultural, and economic regions of the United States, comparing one’s own region to the other regions.

B.  Explain how and why regions change over time by comparing regions in the past with life in the same regions in the present.

In a Nutshell

The United States can be divided up into regions, which are places that have common features, such as physical, cultural or economic. Students should also understand that regions can change over time for a variety of reasons. For example, the impact of immigration to the United States over time has added to the diversity of our nation and changed the cultural identity of regions. Similarly, economic regions have changed due to the access of available resources and increased use of technology.

Teacher Action 

Student Action 

  • Assist students in comparing information between two primary sources about the past and present regions of the United States.

  • Provide opportunities for students to explain how culture, political, and economic actions can influence the ways people modify and adapt to their environment. 

  • Ask students to explain multiple causes and effects of migration and how it has influenced the culture and economy of the United States.

  • Answer geographic questions by organizing geographic information about regions of the United States from historical as well as contemporary perspectives.

  • Analyze the impact of human and physical features of the Earth by drawing conclusions from digital representations, such as aerial photographs and satellite images of our nation and its regions.

  • Create and use maps, data graphs and charts, photographs, and other geographic representations to explain spatial relationships of physical and human places. 

Key Concepts 


  • regions, including physical, cultural, economic

  • change over time

  • human-environment-interaction

  • adaptation to the environment, modification of the environment

  • cause and effect relationships

  • natural causes versus human causes of change                                                                                                                                   

  • Many students may have prior understanding of how physical regions can be identified and defined. But most students will have limited understanding of the concept of region as being defined by multiple criteria, such as cultural and economic regions. 

  • Students may have misconceptions about how the culture and economies of regions change. While most students have a general idea that regions change over time, they may not be able to provide examples of the causes of change, such as from the influence of trade, impact of conflict, use of technology, and voluntary migration. 

Instructional Resources

Access suggested instructional resources correlated to the learning standard and objective.


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