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Grade 4 3-2

Page history last edited by pam merrill 2 years, 4 months ago

Oklahoma Academic Standard 3The student will analyze the human characteristics of the United States and how geography impacts historic events.

Objective 3.2 Examine the characteristics of culture, including the distribution and complexity of the regions of the United States.

A.  Identify the characteristics of culture (language, customs, beliefs, food, clothing, shelter) and compare the cultural characteristics of different regions of the United States.

B.  Explain how the characteristics of culture affect the ways in which people live.

In a Nutshell

Students should develop an understanding of culture, the diversity of American culture, and the factors that influence cultural traits. As students examine the human characteristics of each political region of the United States, they should develop an appreciation for the role culture plays in determining how people live in each given region. Students should also examine how culture can affect languages spoken, holidays observed, foods eaten, and occupational choices.

Teacher Action 

Student Action 

  • Assist students to.explain how culture, political, and economic actions can influence the ways people modify and adapt to their environment. 
  • Provide opportunities for students to compare perspectives of individuals and groups representative of major cultures in the United States’ population.

  • Facilitate frequent opportunities for students to compose informative essays and written products by introducing and developing a topic, incorporating evidence (e.g. facts, examples, details). 

  • Describe the similarities and differences between multiple cultures and their relationships to historical events.

  • Gather, compare, and analyze information about different cultures, describing similar and different cultural traits.

  •  Describe the specific contributions of groups who have shaped significant historical changes in regional and national events.
  • Create presentations that integrate visual displays and other multimedia to enrich the presentation, demonstrating understanding of the cultural diversity of the regions of the United States. 

Key Concepts 

Misconceptions 

Suggested Cultural Features by Physical Region:

  • Northeast - early centers of immigration, reliance on sea, diverse religious backgrounds, diverse languages predominantly European and African, metropolitan centers with ethnic enclaves

  • Southeast- reliance on agriculture, influences by Caribbean migrants and African cultures, African-American cultural influences in music and food

  • Midwest- centers of religious conservatism, reliance on agriculture and livestock, influence of Northern European immigrants such as Germany and Scandinavia

  • Southwest- Hispanic influence from early Spanish migrants, Mexican,  diverse homelands of American Indian populations

  • West- last frontier culture, "Hollywood" celebrity culture, center for historic and contemporary immigration, metropolitan centers influenced by Asian and Hispanic citizens 

  • One major misconception that students may possess is that all people observe the same holidays, hold the same religious or spiritual beliefs, and share the same customs. This is an opportunity to highlight how different cultures comprise the diverse United States population.

  • Often students may stereotype a region according to the predominant cultural identities of historic or contemporary immigration patterns. While general conclusions can be drawn about cultural settlement patterns in the United States, students should be cautious to avoid over-generalizing about any given culture or region.

Instructional Resources

Access suggested instructional resources correlated to the learning standard and objective.

 

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