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Grade 7 3-7, 3-8

Page history last edited by Pam Merrill 3 years, 9 months ago

Oklahoma Academic Standard 3. The student will identify the characteristics, distribution and demographic patterns of human populations and systems of the Eastern Hemisphere.


7.3.7  Compare the structures of representative governments and authoritarian systems.

7.3.8  Identify the role of the citizen in the selection of government officials and lawmaking; compare individual liberties under different forms of government. 

In a Nutshell

The diverse world is governed by a broad spectrum of government systems. Students were introduced to the broad categories of representative governments and authoritarian systems in their previous studies of geography. In seventh grade, students should engage in a more in-depth comparison of world governmental systems, their structures and practices regarding source of authority, individual rights, civic responsibilities, and the election of leaders.

Teacher Action 

Student Action 

  • Assist students to analyze democratic principles in historic and global settings, explaining how they influence different forms of political systems.

  • Provide opportunities for students to examine the purposes and impact of constitutions, treaties and international agreements in order to compare representative versus authoritarian systems. 

  • Explain specific roles played by informed and responsible citizens in all forms of government.

  • Analyze the powers and responsibilities of governments by comparing major forms of government.

  • Apply a range of deliberative procedures to debate, make decisions, and propose action about real-world problems related to individual liberties under different forms of government. 

Key Concepts 


  • representative systems of governments, including democracy, republic, constitutional monarchy

  • authoritarian systems of government, including dictatorship, absolute monarchy, communism, theocracy

  • citizen, human rights, civil rights versus civil liberties, free press

  • legislative authority, executive authority, and judicial authority within different forms of representative governments

  • role of elections, voting rights, and political participation in representative versus authoritarian systems

  • citizen access and/or participation in the legislative process 

  • Most students will possess an introductory knowledge of different forms of government from prior coursework; however, continued comparisons are appropriate, accompanied by more extensive analysis of the world's systems of government as they operate in regions of the Eastern Hemisphere.

  • Some students will mistakenly assume that citizens in all nations are granted similar civil and human rights as protected in the Constitution of the United States.

  • Some students will have limited understanding of the differences between civil rights and civil liberties, including their relationship to the concept of universal human rights.

Instructional Resources

Access suggested instructional resources correlated to the learning standard and objective.

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